Monthly Archives: July 2022


Energy is a basic need and essential for the earth’s life. The increasing consumption of non-renewable energies such as fossil fuels has caused an adverse effect on eco-systems, causing pollution and global warming, leading to focusing on sustainable and renewable energy sources. Two crucial renewable energy sources are a significant focus in the 21st century…

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Over 80% of the manufactured product involves catalysis at some point during the processing.6 It is vital for economic and commercial success and environmental sustainability as it improves the use of resources and increases energy efficiency. In this regard, transition metal catalysts are widely used in modern synthesis due to their reaction diversity to enable…

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red and blue glass bottles

Fluorescent sensors

Metal ions such as zinc, copper, and iron are essential for enzymatic reactions and biological processes, whereas cadmium, mercury, and lead are hazardous to human health.1  Hence, detecting metal ions from the environment and biological samples has gained interest among scientists, including chemists, environmentalists, and clinical biochemists. Several traditional methods that detect metal cations, such…

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